Close Menu

Caihong Liu, Ph.D.

Caihong Liu Photograph
Senior Research Associate







Ph.D. in Chemistry, 2009
B.S. in Chemistry, 2004


  • Synthesis, characterization and application of carbon-based nanomaterials and metal oxide low dimensional nanomaterials
  • Electronic, optoelectronic and photovoltaic application of various semiconductors, such as II-VI semiconductor nanostructures, carbon nanotube, graphene, ternary metal oxides
  • Energy harvesting and storage system, such as hybrid solar cells, dye-sensitized solar cells, Li-ion batteries, and Na-based flow batteries
  • Fabricating 3D nanostructure and hierarchical nanoarchitectures for the application in optic electronics and energy storage/utilization
  • Optical and electron spectroscopy techniques, including photoluminescence, optical absorption, Raman scattering spectroscopy, Scanning electron microscopy, Transmission electron microscopy


  • Design, fabricate and test new type of flow batteries, termed as hybrid Na-based flow batteries which offer some unmatched advantages over conventional RFBs, including (i) high cell voltages (> 3 V), (ii) multiple electron transfer redox reactions per active ion, (iii) ultrahigh energy densities (> 300 Wh/L and > 500 Wh/kg), and (iv) low costs due to no pumping energy consumption in the anode.
  • Design and fabricate high capacity Li/Na ion batteries.


  • Nano-star award, Lanzhou University, 2008
  • Triple-A graduate student award, Lanzhou University, 2007
  • Triple-A student Scholarship, Xinjiang University, 2001, 2002 & 2003
  • Outstanding graduate student award, Xinjiang University, 2004

Professional Society Memberships 

  • The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society
  • The Materials Research Society


  • Caihong Liu, Haiyan Chen, Gregory Wrobel, Yanbing Guo, Sameh Dardona, Martin Piech, Jianming Bai, Minhua Shao, Zhonghua Zhang and Pu-Xian Gao, Large Scale and Stable Amorphous Mesoporous ZnSnO3 Nanoparticles for Highly Efficient Photocatalysis and Photovoltaics, Particle & Particle Systems Characterization (submitted).
  • Jack S. Shamie, Caihong Liu, Leon L. Shaw and Vincent L. Sprenkle, Room Temperature, Hybrid Sodium-Based Flow Batteries with Multi-Electron Transfer Redox Reactions, Scientific Report, 2015 (under review).
  • Caihong Liu and Leon Shaw, Nanoparticulate Materials and Core/Shell Structures Derived from Wet Chemistry Methods, in Encyclopedia of Nanotechnology, Editor-in-Chief: Bharat Bhusha, Springer, 2015 (in press).
  • C. Wang, M. Sawicki, S. Emani, Caihong Liu, and L. Shaw, Na3MnCO3PO4 – A High Capacity, Multi-electron Transfer Redox Cathode Material for Sodium Ion Batteries, Electrochimica Acta, 2015, 161, 322-328.
  • Lin Chen, Yuzi Liu, Maziar Ashuri, Caihong Liu and Leon L. Shaw, Li2S Encapsulated by Nitrogen-doped Carbon for Lithium Sulfur Batteries, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2014, 2, 18026-18032.
  • Caihong Liu, Robert Roder, Lichun Zhang, Zheng Ren, Haiyan Chen, Jianming Bai, Zhonghua Zhang, Carsten Ronning and Pu-Xian Gao, Highly Efficient Visible-Light Driven Photocatalysts: A Case on Zinc Stannate Based Nanocrystal Assemblies, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2014, 2, 4157-4167.
  • Caihong Liu, Robert Roder, Lichun Zhang, Zheng Ren, Haiyan Chen, Jianming Bai, Zhonghua Zhang, Carsten Ronning and Pu-Xian Gao, Highly Efficient Visible-Light Driven Photocatalysts: A Case on Zinc Stannate Based Nanocrystal Assemblies, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2014, 2, 4458-4458 DOI: 10.1039/C4TA90032D.
  • Caihong Liu, Haiyan Chen, Zheng Ren, Sameh Dardona, Martin Piech, Haiyong Gao and Pu-Xian Gao, Controlled Synthesis and Structure Tunability of Photocatalytically Active Mesoporous Metal-based Stannate Nanostructures, Appl. Surf. Sci., 2014, 296, 53-60.
  • Zheng Ren, Yanbing Guo, Cai-Hong Liu and Pu-Xian Gao, Hierarchically Nanostructured Materials for Sustainable Environmental Applications, Front. Chem. 2013, 1:18. doi: 10.3389/fchem.2013.00018.
  • Zheng Ren, Yanbing Guo, Zhonghua Zhang, Caihong Liu and Pu-Xian Gao, Nonprecious Catalytic Honeycombs Structured with Three Dimensional Hierarchical Co3O4 Nano-arrays for High Performance Nitric Oxide Oxidation, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2013, 1, 9897-9906.
  • Yanbing Guo, Zheng Ren, Wen Xiao, Caihong Liu, Hom Sharmaa, Haiyong Gao, Ashish Mhadeshwar and Pu-Xian Gao, Robust 3-D Configurated Metal Oxide Nano-array Based Monolithic Catalysts with Ultrahigh Materials Usage Efficiency and Catalytic Performance Tunability, Nano Energy, 2013, 2, 873-881.
  • Gregory Wrobel, Caihong Liu, Martin Piech, Sameh Dardona and Pu-Xian Gao, Synthesis and Thermal Degradation of Fire-Retardant Zinc Hydroxystannate Nanocube Coated Textiles, Sci. Adv. Mater., 2012, Vol. 4, 819-824.
  • Pu-Xian Gao, Paresh Shimpi, Haiyong Gao, Caihong Liu, Yanbing Guo, Wenjie Cai, Kuo-Ting Liao, Gregory Wrobel, Zhonghua Zhang, Zheng Ren and Hui-Jan Lin, Multifunctional Composite Nanostructures for Energy and Environmental Applications, Int. J. Mole. Sci., 2012, 13(6), 7393-7423.
  • Zhonghua Zhang, Haiyong Gao, Wenjie Cai, Caihong Liu, Yanbing Guo and Pu-Xian Gao, TPR Removal: A Generic Method for Achieving Tubular Structure Devices with Good Mechanical and Structure Soundness on Substrates, J. Mater. Chem., 2012, Vol. 22, 23098-23105.
  • Caihong Liu and Xun Yu, Microencapsulation of Bio-PCM by Interfacial Polycondensation for Thermal Energy Storage Applications, J. Biobased Mater. Bioenergy, 2013, V. 7, No. 3, 331-335.
  • Cai-Hong Liu and Xun Yu, Silver Nanowire-based Transparent, Flexible, and Conductive Thin Film, Nanoscale Res. Lett., 2011, Vol. 6, 75 DOI: 10.1186/1556-276X-6-75.
  • Yanbin Cui, Caihong Liu, Shan Hu and Xun Yu, The Experimental Exploration of Carbon Nanofiber and Carbon Nanotube Additives on Thermal Behavior of Phase Change Materials, Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 2011, Vol. 95, 1208-1212.
  • Cai-Hong Liu and Hao-Li Zhang, Chemical Approaches Towards Single-species Single-walled Carbon Nanotube. Nanoscale, 2010, Vol. 2, 1901-1918.
  • Cai-Hong Liu, Yi-Yang Liu, Yong-Hui Zhang, Rui-Rui Wei, Jun-Jie Li, Hao-Li Zhang and Bing-Rui Li, Dye Assisted Separation of Single Wall Carbon Nanotubes. J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol., 2009, 9, 1254-1257.
  • Cai-Hong Liu, Yi-Yang Liu, Yong-Hui Zhang, Rui-Rui Wei, Bing-Rui Li, Hao-Li Zhang and Yong Chen, Selective Interaction of a Soluble Pentacene Derivative with Metallic Single-walled Carbon Nanotubes, Chem. Phys. Lett., 2009, 471, 97-102.
  • Cai-Hong Liu, Yi-Yang Liu, Yong-Hui Zhang, Rui-Rui Wei, Jun-Jie Li, Bing-Rui Li and Hao-Li Zhang, Tandem Extraction Strategy for Separation of Metallic and Semiconducting SWCNTs Using Condensed Benzenoid Molecues: Effects of Molecular Morphology and Solvent, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 2009, 11, 7257-7267.
  • Hua-Yan Si, Cai-Hong Liu and Hao-Li Zhang, Shell-Controlled Photoluminescence in CdSe/CNT Nanohybrids, Nanoscale Res. Lett., 2009, Vol. 4, 1146-1152.
  • Yong-Hui Zhang, Kai-Ge Zhou, Ke-Feng Xie, Cai-Hong Liu, Hao-Li Zhang, Yong Peng and Yu-Qing Xiong, First Principles Study of Cytosine Adsorption on Graphene, International Journal of Nanoscience Vol. 8, Nos. 1&2,2009,5-8.
  • Yong-Hui Zhang, Ya-Bin Chen, Kai-Ge Zhou, Cai-Hong Liu, Jing Zeng, Hao-Li Zhang and Yong Peng, Improving Gas Sensing Properties of Graphene by Introducing Dopant and Defect: a First Principle Study, Nanotechnology, 2009, Vol. 20, 185504 (8pp).
  • Cai-Hong Liu, Jun-Jie Li, Hao-Li Zhang, Bing-Rui Li, Yun Guo, Structure Dependent Interaction between Organic Dyes and Carbon Nanotubes. Colloids Surf. A Physicochem. Eng. Asp., 2008, Vol. 313-314, 9-12.